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Private Limited Company


Private Limited Company

Understanding a Private Limited Company:

A Private Limited Company is a popular business structure in India due to its distinct advantages, including limited liability, separate legal identity, and ease of attracting investment. It requires a minimum of two directors and shareholders and allows for a maximum of 200 shareholders.

Latest Approach for Registration:

  1. Digitalization and Simplified Forms: The Government of India has embraced digitalization, making the registration process online through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) portal. Under Ease of Doing Business initiative, MCA has designed a new online Form for incorporation of a company which has simplified, reduced the paperwork involved.
  2. Obtaining Digital Signatures: To register a must obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) to sign electronic documents. This can be obtained from certifying authorities.
  3. Reservation of Company Name: Choose a unique name for your company and check its availability on the MCA portal. Once approved, it's reserved for 20 days. One may go to direct approval of company without reservation of name also.
  4. Drafting Memorandum and Articles of Association: These documents outline the company's objectives, rules, and regulations. They need to be prepared and filed with the Registrar of Companies (ROC).
  5. Filing of AGILE?PRO-S Forms: The electronic comprehensive form for Goods and services tax Identification number, employees state Insurance corporation registration Plus Employees provident fund organisation registration, Profession tax Registration, opening of bank account and Shops and Establishment Registration is also required to be filed at the time of incorporation.
  6. Filing Incorporation Forms: Submit SPICe (Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically) Form along with necessary documents such as PAN, Aadhar, and address proofs of directors and Company.
  7. Payment of Fees: Pay the required registration fees online through the MCA portal.
  8. Issuance of Certificate of Incorporation: Once all documents are verified, the ROC issues a Certificate of Incorporation along with the PAN and TAN of the Certificate of Incorporation.

Post Incorporation Formalities:

  • Bank Account Opening: Open a company bank account and deposit the minimum capital as mentioned during registration.
  • GST Registration: If applicable, register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) with the GSTN portal, if not applied through AGILE-PRO-S form.
  • Filing of Commencement of Business: application for commencement of business required to be filed within 180 days from the date of incorporation.


The process of registering a Private Limited Company in India has been significantly simplified with the integration of digital processes. E-gstin is here to guide you for smooth registration process and ongoing compliance.

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