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MSME stands for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. These enterprises form the backbone of many economies worldwide, including India, contributing significantly to economic growth, employment generation, and fostering entrepreneurship. They are characterized by their size, scale of operations, and often their flexibility and innovation.

Applicability for Goods & Services:

  • Goods: MSME classification applies to manufacturing entities based on their turnover.
  • Services: MSME classification applies to service-based entities based on their turnover.

Enterprise Category

Investment in Plant & Machinery or Equipment

Turnover (for Services)

Turnover (for Manufacturing & Goods)

Micro Enterprises

Up to Rs. 1 crore

Up to Rs. 2 crore

Up to Rs. 5 crore

Small Enterprises

Up to Rs. 10 crore

Up to Rs. 50 crore

Up to Rs. 50 crore

Medium Enterprises

Up to Rs. 50 crore

Up to Rs. 250 crore

Up to Rs. 250 crore

Benefits of Registration under MSME:

  1. Financial Assistance: Access to loans at lower interest rates from banks and financial institutions under various government schemes.
  2. Priority Lending: Preference in obtaining loans, and in certain cases, collateral-free loans, ensuring better credit availability.
  3. Subsidies and Rebates: Eligibility for government subsidies on patent registration, technology upgradation, and reimbursement of ISO certification expenses.
  4. Ease of Compliance: Simplified and relaxed compliance requirements in terms of regulations, registrations, and returns filing.
  5. Priority in Government Tenders: Reservation in government tenders, with exemptions from earnest money deposit requirements.
  6. Credit Linked Capital Subsidy: Access to the Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS) for technology upgradation.
  7. Market Access: Participation in international trade fairs and exhibitions with government support.
  8. Financial Support for Training: Assistance for training and skill development of employees.

Registering under MSME provides numerous advantages that support the growth and development of small and medium enterprises. It encourages entrepreneurship, fosters economic growth, and ensures better access to financial resources and market opportunities for businesses within this category.


The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. It is responsible for ensuring food safety and regulating the food industry to protect public health.

Types of Registration and Licensing under FSSAI:

  1. FSSAI Registration: This is required for small food businesses. There are two types:
    • FSSAI Basic Registration: For small businesses with an annual turnover below Rs. 12 lakhs.
    • FSSAI State License: For medium-sized businesses with an annual turnover between Rs. 12 lakhs and Rs. 20 crores.
  2. FSSAI Central License: Mandatory for large food businesses operating across multiple states or having an annual turnover above Rs. 20 crores.

Why FSSAI Registration or License is Required:

  1. Legal Compliance: FSSAI registration or license is a legal requirement for any entity involved in food-related businesses, ensuring compliance with food safety regulations outlined by the government.
  2. Consumer Safety: It aims to ensure the quality and safety of food products reaching consumers, preventing health hazards and adulteration.
  3. Quality Assurance: FSSAI sets standards for food products, ensuring they meet specified quality parameters, including hygiene, labeling, packaging, and storage.
  4. Market Acceptance: Having an FSSAI registration or license enhances consumer trust and confidence in the quality and safety of the food products, thereby improving market acceptance and credibility.
  5. Business Expansion: It facilitates business growth by enabling access to various markets, tenders, and contracts, especially in sectors like retail, hospitality, and exports, where FSSAI compliance is mandatory.
  6. Avoiding Penalties: Non-compliance with FSSAI regulations can lead to penalties, fines, or even closure of the business, emphasizing the necessity of registration or licensing.

FSSAI registration or licensing ensures that food businesses adhere to quality standards, maintain hygiene practices, and comply with regulatory requirements, ultimately safeguarding consumer health and ensuring the credibility and success of food-related businesses in India.








In India, SME listing typically occurs on the SME Platform of stock exchanges like the BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) or NSE (National Stock Exchange). Here's an overview:

Requirements for SME Listing:

  1. Eligibility Criteria: SMEs must meet specific eligibility criteria set by the exchange, including minimum net worth, profitability, and track record.
  2. Compliance: Compliance with regulations laid down by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and the respective stock exchanges is mandatory.
  3. Documentation: Preparation of necessary documents, including the prospectus, financial statements, and other disclosures, as per regulatory requirements.
  4. Due Diligence: Undergoing due diligence by merchant bankers, auditors, and legal advisors to ensure compliance and authenticity of information.
  5. IPO Process: Going through the Initial Public Offering (IPO) process, issuing shares to the public, and raising capital.

Benefits of SME Listing:

  1. Access to Capital: SME listing provides access to a broader investor base, enabling easier access to capital for growth and expansion.
  2. Enhanced Visibility and Credibility: Listing enhances visibility and credibility among customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders, boosting brand value.
  3. Liquidity for Stakeholders: Listing provides an avenue for existing shareholders to liquidate their holdings, improving liquidity.
  4. Valuation and Growth: The increased visibility and access to funds can contribute to better valuations and facilitate further growth and development.
  5. Compliance and Governance: Listing requires adherence to higher governance and transparency standards, improving business practices and corporate governance.
  6. Potential for Mergers & Acquisitions (M&A): Being listed may make SMEs more attractive for M&A opportunities, facilitating potential mergers or acquisitions.
  7. Investor Confidence: Listed entities are subject to greater scrutiny, which can instill confidence among investors and stakeholders.


SME listing provides SMEs with access to capital markets, fostering growth opportunities and enhancing their market position. However, it also comes with increased regulatory compliance and disclosure requirements. SMEs should carefully consider the costs and benefits before opting for listing and ensure they meet the necessary criteria and regulatory obligations.



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